[wpecpp name=”Gallipoli By Mark Tyquin” price=”29.99″ align=”right”]
- Condition: New Book
- Pages: 140
- Edition: 1st
- Publication: 2006
- Format: Softcover
- ISBN: 9781921941863
- Author: Mark Tyquin
- Why Gallipoli
- The landing and consolidation
- From the August offensive to the evacuation
- The other enemy
- Unwanted distractions
- An assessment
- Some statistics
- Select bibliography
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The Gallipoli Campaign (WW1 Dardanelles Campaign) took place between the periods of 25th April 1915 to January 1916 on the Gallipoli Peninsula during World War 1 (The Great War of 1914-1918). This battle was between the allied forces (including Australian & New Zealand “The ANZACS”) against the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), German and Austria-Hungary.
This WW1 battle was due to the British Governments War Council (who from recommendation by Winston Churchill) planned a Naval attack to gain control of the Peninsula. This plan if successful would then give them control over a large section of the Dardanelles Peninsula (a strait/waterway in Turkey) which in in turn would allow them to not only give support to Russia (an Allie) but also will give them a tactical and geographical advantage for invading Constantinople (in Turkey) know called Istanbul.
The attack/landing on the Gallipoli Peninsula began early morning on the 25th April 1915 at Ari Birun (renamed ANZAC Cove); although the planned landing destination (amphibious assault) was to be at Cape Tepe a few kilometers away. Even for today’s historians and without official records, it is not known if the changed landing position was planned, changed in the final hours, human error in the last moments or if Mother Nature simply played an unexpected part in the landing (i.e. tidal currents). The problem and difference between the first position “Cape Tepe” and where the landing took place was one had a sandy beach; and the other (ANZAC Cove) a more perilous rocky and uneven cliff covered landing stretch; made more perilous by the fact this was at night in darkness (pre-dawn).
The attack on the peninsula was not successful with Turkish forces overpowering the allies with their superior defensive positions and unexpected firepower. With growing heavy allied casualties, and after many long months with no real advancement having been made; the Dardanelles campaign was abandoned – with the allied soldiers being evacuated by ships. This World War 1 Campaign from an allied point of view is considered a complete failure.
The 25th of April each year is celebrated with ANZAC Day in Australia to mark the WW1 landings.
Famous Australian Author/War Correspondent Charles Bean was present at the Gallipoli landings.