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The Eureka Stockade (also called Eureka Rebellion) took place in 1854 in Ballarat (NSW) on the 3rd of December.
The battle/rebellion was caused due to the Gold miners not wanting to pay licensing fees to be able dig the land (i.e. mining tax). The problem was the tax was imposed by the Government on each gold minor and was payable regardless of whether any actual gold was found or not. This led to many disgruntled minors who believed such a tax/license was unfair and made mining for gold too expensive for many who didn’t ‘struck it rich’ and were not financially able to pay such such fees.
Overtime, the tension between the gold miners and the local authorities (gold commission’s police and garrison soldiers) and these laws and policies grew. Eventually many events led up to approximately 450-500 gold miners (with weapons) building a stockade on Eureka under their elected leader Peter Fintan Lalor (Lalor survived the battle and did escape, however with a wound to his arm which later needed to be amputated); and under the Eureka flag all swore allegiance against the government and their licences and policies.
The stockade was designed to be both a visual protest to the authorities against the licenses and also a physical barrier to prevent the Government troops (police and soldiers) from breaking in. However on the 3rd December the Government did send troops to break down the stockade and remove all the gold miners. The battle at Eureka stockade only last a short period (approx. 15-20 minutes) however in this small battle many gold diggers and soldiers/police were killed in the battle. Even more diggers were taken prisoner for their part in the uprising although the majority later released after a huge public uprising. The Eureka stockade on 3rd December 1854 brought about changes to the laws that caused the whole battle to originally form.
Books in this category are specific to this famous Australian battle.