Blog Posts

Changi POW Camp World War 2

Changi camp was used by the Japanese in World War 2 to house both civilian and Allied Prisoner of War. Located in Singapore it was used for the thousands civilians and POWs from the Fall of Singapore.

Although separated in different barracks (the allied POWs were in the Salarang Barracks which is actually located outside the Changi Prison camp where the civilians were kept); the name Changi is still used to describe both locations. The camp like all Japanese POW camps was harsh and many died due to the treatment received and lack of food, medical supplies.

The Battle of Bataan World War 2 History

The battle of Bataan was fought between 7th January to 9th April 1942 in the Philippines between the US (with Filipino) forces against the Japanese. The initial invasion of the Philippines (which began only hours after the attack on Pearl Harbour alongside other attacks undertaken by the Japanese at the same time including Singapore, Malaya, Hong Kong, Wake Island.…); included aerial bombings by the 5th air group (including Mitsubishi G3M, G4 & Zero Fighters), Naval support (Third Fleet), the 11th Air Fleet and land forces (14th Army which included the battle hardened 16th and 48th Infantry Divisions) on 8th December 1941. Bataan was one of two famous WW2 battles in the Campaign as the Japanese made their advance for the occupation of the Philippines.

Although holding off the invading Japanese for several months; due to lack of supplies and food (no aerial or naval support) the Allies eventually surrounded in Bataan on April 9th (many did escape to Corregidor); however Corregidor also, just a month later surrendered on May 8th. Of the US and Filipino Prisoners of War captured in the Battle of Bataan, many later died in the Bataan death march and on the hell ships bound for slave labour in Japan. The Japanese held this territory until 1945 when it as re-taken by the allies.

 

Charles Bean War Historian: Mini Biography

Title: Charles Bean

Objective: Brief Biography Of A Famous World War 1 War Correspondent

Details: Captain (honorary rank) Charles E W Bean was born in Bathurst NSW Australia in 1879.

When the First World War broke out in 1914, Bean was selected by the Australian Journalist Association as the official War correspondent for the AIF (Australian Imperial Force).

Two of the First World Wars most famous battles (for which Bean was a correspondent), was the Gallipoli campaign (Dardanelle’s) and the Western Front campaign. Both of these names are firmly etched into Australia’s military history and even to this day 100 years later on the 25th April of each year, Australia stops to remember the serving and fallen soldiers the Wars, campaigns and battles the ANZACs have taken part in – this sombre day is called ANZAC Day.

Although not a trained Infantry Soldier, Bean took part in the landing party on the shores of Gallipoli on the 25th April 1915. Alongside the ANZAC troops deep in the trenches and fighting, Charles continued reporting the war along the bloody frontlines.

As the battles raged and men fell around him, Charles took countless photos and wrote many thousands of pages describing the horrors he witnessed; so the readers back home could gain an understanding of the life and duty of an Australian Soldier.

Like many of the frontline troops, Charles was wounded (taking a bullet in the leg); yet stayed on reporting the war as it raged and unfolded around him.

After the Gallipoli Campaign had come to an end and the ANZAC troops were evacuated; Bean went on to report the war from another well-known Australian battlefield – The Western Front!

At the close of World War 1, C .E. W BEAN had a wealth of information on the ANZACs and their contribution to the toughest and most costly fighting Australians had ever seen. He wanted to ensure this gallant service and those who sacrificed their lives were not forgotten by future generations.

He went on to play a huge part in the creation of the Australian War Memorial (AWM) and Museum in Canberra.

As well as being a War correspondent; Charles wrote a hugely popular (and still in demand to this day) 12 volume book set named the “Official History of Australia in the War 1914-1918”.

During his lifetime Bean held the titles of Historian, School Teacher and Barrister.

Passing away on the 30th August 1968; but leaving a wealth of information for future generations on the ANZAC spirit and legend.